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泌尿系结石及结石成分的流行病学研究进展

晓伟 林(昆明医科大学第一附属医院泌尿外科,中国)
钰辉 罗(昆明医科大学第一附属医院泌尿外科,中国)
静玲 李(昆明医科大学第一附属医院泌尿外科,中国)
白羽 张(昆明医科大学第一附属医院泌尿外科,中国)
坤彬 柯(昆明医科大学第一附属医院泌尿外科,中国)
颢 李(昆明医科大学第一附属医院泌尿外科,中国)

摘要

泌尿系结石是危害人类健康的常见性、多发性泌尿系统疾病。相关流行病学研究报告表明目前尿路结石的患病率和发病率呈现逐年上升的趋势,并且环境和膳食习惯可能是其患病率和发病率增长的关键因素。虽然对于泌尿系结石整体流行病学的研究不少,但关于各种结石成分的流行病学研究始终较少。因此,论文分析了泌尿系结石及其流行病学研究的相关现状,归纳并讨论了各种结石成分及其流行病学研究的主要进展,并在此基础上,对泌尿系结石的针对性防治工作的研究前景进行了展望。

关键词

泌尿系结石;结石成分;危险因素

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26549/ajcm.v4i2.6681

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