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Shadow Education in the Era of the Globalization: Comprehensive Prohibition or Active Encouragement?

Hongxia Liu(Institute of International and Comparative Education, Beijing Normal University)
Di Suo(Institute of International and Comparative Education, Beijing Normal University)


With the acceleration of education democratization and the rapid development of education modernization, shadow education, as a prominent phenomenon in education globalization, has begun to develop rapidly. This paper challenges the different views of shadow education which has both positive and negative effect in the era of globalization and further discusses that shadow education should be actively encouraged from the perspective of knowledge economy, brain migration and higher education.


Shadow education; Era of globalization

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